Rules for driving in winter

Many drivers are afraid of winter, but during the cold season they move from a private car to public transport. But if you follow a few simple rules of winter exploitation, then you can rid yourself of the traditional dangers.

1. Speed.
Depending on the condition of the road surface and the presence of precipitation on the road, it is necessary to correctly assess the adhesion of the wheels of the car with the road and choose the appropriate speed. Experienced drivers recommend in the winter time to reduce the maximum speed by two to three times. In the winter, you should always remember that at any moment, ice or wet snow may appear under the wheels. Dialing and resetting speed is always necessary smoothly.

2. Parking.
Leaving the car in the parking lot in winter, first, do not worry about parking brakes (can be tightened by brake pads). You can also put small plastic objects under the windscreen wipers so that the wipers' brushes do not touch the glass and do not freeze. It is recommended that the gaskets and trunk lid be dried dry, and even better soaked with special tools so that there is no difficulty with their opening. If you have to park the car in the snow, you should always leave a place with a stock, in case of a hitch, do not move to other objects in the immediate vicinity.

3. Turns
Walking the turns on the winter road is one of the most dangerous events. Throw speed before turning, while the wheels are straight. In the turn, you have to move on one transmission, without discharging and adding speed. It is possible to increase the speed only at the exit of the turn, and very smoothly. In turn, you always have to be ready for skidding under the action of centrifugal force. The only way to reduce the centrifugal force is to lower the speed before turning.

4. Morning procedures.
If your car slept on the street and snow was at night, do not be too lazy to completely clean the car from rain.

5. Braking.
Before winter braking, you must carefully assess the condition of the road surface. Even a clean road may appear to be covered with ice. When leaving the parking lot, you must try to slow down the safe area and evaluate the condition of the road. In winter it is better to give preference to inhibition of the engine (gradual transition from higher gear to the lower one) before using the braking system of the car.

6. Snowfall and fog
Moving in a strong fog, snowfall or it is recommended to drop the speed significantly, be sure to turn on the dipped beam headlights and "anti-fog". Overtaking in fog is not desirable. If visibility has sharply deteriorated, you need to slowly slow down and, having come to the roadside, stop. If it is at night, it is recommended to place an emergency stop sign so that a parked car can be seen. The reason for stopping may be fog with visibility less than 50 meters.

7. The road is frozen
On a glacier road it is recommended to move very slowly. It is necessary to remember that on a slippery road the braking distance increases by 2-3 times and more. It is also necessary to avoid getting into even small ice tracks, the exit from which can end up loading and demolishing from the road. Short straight areas of the frozen road need to be overcome with the included gear and with no sudden turns of the steering wheel, using the maximum using the inertia of the car.

8. In the snow in the city.
Public utilities are not prepared in time for the winter, so you can get into the snow captivity in the metropolis. Most often in the snowfall it is faster to get from point A to point B on a certain public transport. If you decided to go by car, do not hurry to go. Keep distance!

9. Strong frost.
The main problem of a motorist in a severe frost is the start of the engine. You need to keep track of the weather forecasts. If weather forecasters promise -25 or below, it makes sense to remove the battery (if it's already old) and put it in a warm room to reduce the loss of its capacity. In the frost, a little warm up the engine and transmission, more to the automatic transmission (on the "machine" American machines even have a lamp-indicator of temperature and readiness for operation). Also, it will not be unnecessary and will prototype the salon, so that from the windows came inya. It should be remembered that it is not recommended to direct air ducts with hot air directly to the glass. Sharp temperature variations can lead to cracks (fortunately, this happens extremely rarely).